Generally prohibited.


Indirectly authorized


No more than $100 from petty cash


For-profit corporation may not directly place an advertisement in its own name in support of a ballot question or proposition











No expenditure may be made if its source is not disclosed as required by law.















Generally prohibited, except for certain fundraiser ticket purchases




May not exceed $50 (except for properly receipted filing fees)

Permitted, with itemization

Expenditures in excess of $50 must be made by written instrument with name of donor and payee.



Certain transfers over limits are prohibited in special elections



May not exceed $100

Permitted if credit is paid with campaign funds and expenses are related only to a political, legislative, or gov’tl purpose.








May not exceed $100





Honoraria may not be paid to elected public officials

Generally prohibited

Safe investments are authorized

Certain specified amounts for particular purposes are authorized

May not exceed $100 from petty cash


Only the treasurer may incur a financial obligation. Expenditures must be made by check drawn on the designated depository.











All expenditures must be made by candidate committee.

District of Columbia


Limited to maximum of $5,000 to any one political committee in any one election




Must be $50 or less to any one person in connection with a single transaction, and must be fully documented


No expenditures may be made when there is a vacancy in the office of treasurer. Expenditures must be made by check drawn on the designated depository.



Permitted under certain specified circumstances, but legislative leadership committees and fund transfers prohibited.



Must be less than $30 petty cash, and may not be used to pay for the purchase of time, space, or services from the communications media

Permitted for statewide candidates and statewide committees for travel-related expenditures with specific restrictions

Treasurer must be appointed before making expenditures. All expenditures must be through treasurer, on a bank check drawn on the campaign depository, and contain certain specified information. Unopposed candidates are limited in the expenditures they may make once they become unopposed. No expenditures may be made to or by a person speaking in furtherance of the person’s candidacy at a public meeting.



Permitted with excess funds




Permitted with recorded information

Credit card expenditures permitted

Expenditures can only be made to defray ordinary and necessary expenses incurred in connection with the candidate’s campaign for elective office or for fulfillment or retention of the office.



Not more than two fundraiser tickets




All such expenditures must be reported


Expenditures require the treasurer's written authorization. Loans are limited to an aggregate of $10,000, and must be fully repaid to accept more.




Not prohibited




Not prohibited

Expenditures may not be made in a manner that conceals the identity of the individual or organization making the payment. Each expenditure of $25 or more must be vouched for by a receipt or canceled check.


Campaign funds may not be used for the aggrandizement of any committee member or campaign worker upon dissolution


Not prohibited






No expenditure may be made when there is a vacancy in the office of chair or treasurer. Expenditures must be authorized by the chair, treasurer, or their designated agents. Public funds may not be used for political purposes.




Not prohibited






Expenditures may not be made in the absence of a treasurer. Each expenditure of $25 or more must be vouched for by proof of payment and a record of particulars. Special disclaimer required for certain independent expenditures.


Only if directly related to campaign, and not for candidate or family member. Entertainment of campaign volunteers is permitted.

Prohibited unless committee of the same candidate




Prohibited; all expenditures must be by check

Permitted with clear disclosure

An expenditure may not be made by the treasurer or treasurer's designee without the approval of the chairman of the committee or the candidate.



Candidate funds cannot be contributed to another candidate’s campaign








An expenditure cannot be made by a treasurer unless all required reports or statements have been filed.







Expenditures of $25 or more must be made by check


No candidate may pay money or other thing of value for a person's vote or support.


May not be used, loaned, or pledged by any person for any personal use, except replacement of articles lost, stolen, or damaged in connection with a campaign


Money market mutual funds specifically permitted

Certain restrictions on election day transportation payments

Cash expenditures of up to $100 may be made from petty cash for items other than personal services and voter transportation if complete records are maintained


Expenditures made in the name of others are implicitly prohibited. No expenditures may be made from funds received from an anonymous source. Except for petty cash, all expenditures must be made by check drawn on the primary campaign depository, made payable to a specific person for specific purposes. No expenditures in exchange for endorsement or support.











Treasurer must be appointed before making expenditures. No expenditures for liquor to be distributed or consumed by voters while polls open.



Certain transfers of up to $6,000 and unlimited transfers between certain committees are expressly permitted.


Generally prohibited


May not exceed $25 per single recipient from regulated petty cash fund

All non-petty cash disbursements must be made by check from a designated campaign depository.



Limited to $100 and $1,500 in aggregate; committees organized on behalf of statewide candidates may not contribute to any other candidate or political action committee

Candidate or committee funds may only be placed in savings or money market accounts to earn interest


May not exceed $50

May not use for cash advance or loans

All expenditures of more than $50 must be by check drawn on the designated depository and must be signed by the recipient under oath.

No expenditures may be made unless funds exist to support them.




Funds in a candidate committee account may not be invested in the stock market, commodities, mutual funds, or land contracts


May not exceed $50


No expenditures permitted until a treasurer is designated. Expenditures of anonymous contributions may only be to a tax-exempt charitable institution (or, in the case of a judicial candidate, to the state bar client security fund). Expenditures by agents or independent contractors must be reported as committee expenditures. Public funds may not be spent for gifts; salaries or wages in excess of $5,000 per month; items clearly worth less than the payments; a defense fund; solicitation of non-exempt funds; or repayment of a loan. Limits on candidate ticket purchases for other candidate fundraisers ($100 per candidate/year).



Prohibited, except when a candidate dissolves a committee (can then make contribution to another principal campaign committee). Applies also to a transfer to federal, local, and out-of-state candidate committees.

Apparently permitted


Petty cash expenditures limited to $100 per week for statewide elections; $20 per week for legislative elections


Expenditures of more than $20 require written authorization of the treasurer or deputy treasurer of the committee or fund. No expenditures may be made for certain material items to influence voting or non-voting. Corporate expenditures are generally limited to ballot question campaigns.

















Prohibited for disposition of exploratory committee’s funds



Single cash expenditures from petty cash fund may not exceed $50; aggregate calendar year expenditures may not exceed the lesser of 10% of the committee’s total calendar year expenditures or $5,000.


Each expenditure of more than $50 must be by check drawn on the committee’s depository and signed by the treasurer. No expenditure may be made or incurred in a fictitious name, in the name of another, or by or through someone in such a manner as to conceal the identity of the actual recipient and the purpose of the expenditure.









Petty cash fund may pay for office supplies, transportation expenses, postage stamps, and other necessities of less than $25, but may not be used for purchase of time, space, or services from any communications medium


Expenditures are to be made from the designated primary depository and primary depositories. Non-petty-cash expenditures are to be made by check.



Contribution or independent expenditure by a candidate committee to another candidate committee is prohibited except for a fundraising event and transfer of unexpended funds after termination of the candidate's committee

Permitted for investments authorized by state law for the state investment officer


Must be $50 or less


Corporations, labor unions, or industry, trade, or professional associations may make expenditures and provide personal services without becoming a committee, but must file a report of expenditures, unless exempted. These organizations may not make expenditures to their PACs, but may make expenditures for the establishment and administration of the fund.















New Hampshire












Political committee member may not make or permit an unlawful expenditure. Expenditure for use of contributions for political advertising cannot be more or less than applicable rates filed with the Secretary of State.

New Jersey




Permitted. Funds received and payments made are not reportable contributions or expenditures if individual is not a “candidate.”

Payment by check required


No expenditure may be made anonymously, in a fictitious name, or in the name of another. Anonymous contributions must be returned to the donor if known; if not known, to the state. A political party may not expend money to aid a candidate for national convention delegate, party position, or nomination for public office as a party candidate. Political party county and municipal committees in the same county are limited to $10,000 aggregate expenditures to aid candidate for governor at general election.

New Mexico



Interest-earning investments permitted


Disbursements must be by check to named payee, except petty cash fund of $100 or less permitted


Political party may not use contributions to aid party candidate in primary against other candidates of same party. Permitted expenditures also include reasonable office-related expenditures of legislators, donations to general fund or 170(b)(1)(A) organization, and expenditures to eliminate campaign debts of candidate for same or other office. Contributions solicited for or received in federal election campaign may not be used in state election campaign.

New York




Investment in income-producing sources permitted


$100 or less permitted; otherwise by check


Anonymous contributions may not be used or expended, but must be paid over to the state. Political party may not make expenditures to aid a party primary candidate.

North Carolina








No media expenditures in cash. Non-media expenditures (except postage) limited to $50.




North Dakota

Judicial candidates may not permit use of campaign funds for private benefit










Payments to influence an editorial position advocating or opposing a candidate are prohibited. Use of state property or services for political purposes is prohibited.








Prohibited; if over $25, must be vouched for by receipted bill


Special expenditure limits apply to primary and general elections involving judicial candidates








Prohibited if over $50


No state official may authorize the expenditure of public funds to support or oppose an initiative or referendum.


Excess contributions may not be converted to personal use














Expenditure from candidate’s committee to other political committees permitted




Vouchers for all expenditures over $25 must be retained


Candidate or political committee may not disburse money received from an anonymous source. Anonymous contributions must be turned over to the state treasurer.

Rhode Island


Campaign funds not used for the expenses of gaining or holding public office may be donated to a candidate for public office, a public organization, or a PAC, subject to the statutory limitations on contributions, or transferred in whole or in part to a newly established PAC.







Public funds may not be used to pay for broadcast or distribution of photograph or voice of elected official who is a candidate during 120 days before election.

South Carolina


Candidate may not contribute to or make an independent expenditure on behalf of another candidate




Expenditures over $25 must be by written instrument. Petty cash fund may not exceed $100 and cash expenditure may not exceed $25.


Expenditure must not be clearly in excess of market value.

South Dakota






































An expenditure made in name of or on behalf of another prohibited unless there is disclosure. Expenditure of unlawful contributions prohibited. Payments from contributions to purchase real property prohibited. Making or authorization of a contribution in the Capitol is prohibited.













Expenditures made directly or indirectly for a state office candidate must be made through the candidate's personal campaign committee. Newspapers and periodicals may not be paid to influence an election except thru a "paid advertisement."





Investment in short-term note permitted


Expenditures by a candidate who has made expenditures or received contributions of $500 or more and by a political committee must be paid by the treasurer by a check from a single checking account


State executive and legislative office candidates may voluntarily agree in an election not to exceed the statutory limits on total expenditures for the office involved








Petty cash expenditures of less than $100 permitted; otherwise, only by check


Expenditures made on behalf of a candidate, except independent expenditures, must be reported to a candidate's campaign treasurer.


Contributions may be transferred to someone or expended for his or her personal use for reimbursement for loans to cover lost earnings while campaigning or performing services for the political committee and for direct out-of-pocket expenses or for repayment of loans made to political committee

Prohibited except for transfer of surplus funds to a political party or caucus of the legislature

Candidates and committees may invest campaign funds in bonds, certificates, tax-exempt securities or savings accounts, or other similar instruments in financial institutions or in mutual funds.


Must be $50 or less if no receipt


An expenditure may not be incurred in a fictitious name, anonymously, or by one person through another so as to effect concealment. Accumulated anonymous contributions in excess of limit may not be expended and must be returned to donor, if known, or to the state. A candidate or political committee that encourages any person to make a reportable contribution on its behalf is deemed to have made the expenditure. Contribution may not be used without approval of contributor to further a candidacy for an office other than the office designated in statement of organization of candidate committee.

West Virginia

Use of excess campaign assets for personal economic benefit prohibited

Excess campaign assets may be distributed to other committees


Payment to campaign election workers must be by check

Payments to campaign election workers and paid staff must be by check


Anonymous contribution may not be expended, but must be donated to the state general revenue fund. Payment for newspaper or periodical endorsement prohibited.
















Candidate for judicial office may not use contributions for private benefit of others










Money may not be expended on behalf of a candidate without the candidate's prior written approval. A political party may not expend funds to aid the nomination of one person against another person of the same party in a primary election. Campaign literature or advertising (except small campaign items) may not be paid for unless sponsoring candidate and committee is identified.

Back to:


Public Records Office - FEC Home Page